By Kevin Ebi, Editor, Smart Cities Council
Traffic is a major drain on your economy. The typical London commuter wastes the equivalent of nearly three work weeks each year stuck in traffic. Workers in Los Angeles, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco don’t fare much better; theythe equivalent of two weeks.
In addition to the lost productivity, all the emissions from the vehicles that are going nowhere contribute to climate change. And the problem gets worse every year.
While initiatives like a challenge grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation aim to find high-tech solutions, there is also much to learn from cities that have some of the shortest commutes. There are no quick fixes, but these cities do share some common attributes that you will want to consider for your own planning efforts.
1. Don’t neglect the issue of distance
When developing strategies to ease congestion, it’s easy to fixate on the raw speed commuters travel. But that ignores another key part of the equation: how far commuters have to travel.
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, offers the third-shortest commutes of any major American city and a big reason why is that most people live close to their jobs. Three-quarters of those who work downtown live within 10 miles.
Granted, it’s not easy to get people to move back to the city, but be aware that if your downtown development plans displace more residents, you’re also putting more people on your already congested.
And Buffalo, New York, which has the best commute times in the U.S., has actually made progress in making its downtown more livable. The city replaced its old style single-use zoning codes in favor of place-based planning. The old code resulted in separate business and residential districts that practically required residents to drive everywhere; the new approach makes mixed-use development much easier.
2. Make it easy for bicyclists
Buses and trains aren’t the only things some commuters need. For some, bicycles need to be a key part of their commute, and to get them to use mass transit, your transit system needs to accommodate their bikes.
Cincinnati has the 10th-shortest commute times and nearly 20% of its downtown workers ride the bus. One reason why: it has equipped all of its buses with bike racks to accommodate those who want to ride to the bus stop.
London, which has the world’s worst commute times — the average commuter wastes 110 hours in traffic jams each year — is also concentrating on improving its bike systems. It’s working on cycle superhighways with dedicated lanes and signals. Before launching the effort, it found that some bicycle commutes could be absolutely excruciating, with some cyclists forced to take their bikes up and down flights of stairs to make connections.
3. Help people share rides
Obviously it’s best to have a robust transit system, but it’s also important to give commuters options. Several cities that place in the top 10 help commuters share rides.
San Diego is one. Lyft Line has sprung up as the result of its entrepreneurial climate, allowing people to share rides with the private-vehicle taxi service with other commuters instead of riding solo.
Hartford, Connecticut, meanwhile, has made a concerted effort to promote carpool programs. It tied for the third-shortest commute.
Kevin Ebi is editor of the Smart Cities Council’s publications. The Council publishes the free Smart Cities Readiness Guide, which provides help and advice for crafting a smart cities vision, plan of action and method of tracking progress.